The India National Cricket Team is governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) that came into existence in December 1928. Popular as Team India or the Men in Blue, is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One-day International (ODI), and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.
Cricket in India is said to be introduced by the European merchant sailors in the 18th century. And so, the first-ever cricket club of India was established in 1792 in Kolkata. However, India had to wait 40 years to play their first Test match on 25th June in 1932 at Lord’s and became the 6th team to be granted the Test cricket status.
In the initial years of their cricket career, the team India did not possess the best batsmen but harboured the best spinners. It took them almost 20 years to mark their first Test victory in 1952 against England in Madras. However, in its first fifty years of international cricket, India was one of the weaker teams and winning only 35 of the first 196 Test fixtures they played.
The India National Cricket Team gained their strength in the 1970s as the likes of Sunil Gavaskar, Gundappa Viswanath, Kapil Dev, and especially the Indian Spin Quartet joined the team.
With the best spinners at their side, the Indian team was best at their home rather than the overseas nations. But since the beginning of the 21st century, the Indian team has improved its overseas form and has won several Test matches in Australia, England and South Africa.
They won the Cricket World Cup twice – once in 1983 under the captaincy of Kapil Dev and the other in 2011 under the leadership of MS Dhoni. And with two CWC titles in their kit, India became the third team after West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup for more than once.
The India National Cricket Team is also the inaugural winner of the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, whereas they also won a 2013 ICC Champions Trophy – both of them coming in the leadership of MS Dhoni.
Currently, The India National Cricket Team sits at the 3rd position in the Test and Twenty20 and at the 2nd position in the ODI rankings as per the list released by ICC on 1 May 2020. The India National Cricket Team has rivalries with other Test-playing nations, most notably with Pakistan, the political arch-rival of India.
However, in recent times, rivalries with nations like Australia, South Africa and England have also gained prominence. Virat Kohli is the current captain of the team across all formats, while the head coach is Ravi Shastri.
Early history of Team India (the 1700s – 1918)
The Britishers brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721. The first Indian cricket club – Calcutta Cricket and Football Club (CC&FC) was established in 1792. In 1848, the Parsi community in Bombay formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by Indians.
After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877. By 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims of Bombay played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year. In the early 1900s, some Indians went on to play for the England cricket team.
In 1911, an Indian team went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played English county teams and not the England cricket team. It took around 40 years for the Indian team to play their first Test cricket match.
First Test match to winning the Test match status (1918-1970):
In 1926, India was invited to The Imperial Cricket Council, and then, four years later the team made their debut as a Test-playing nation in England in 1932. The India National Cricket Team was led by CK Nayudu, who was considered as the best Indian batsman at the time. The one-off Test match between the two sides was played at Lord’s in London.
With no strong batting line in the initial years of the game, India lost the match by 158 runs. However, this did not end here the following year in 1933 India hosted its first two-match Test series for England. The first match was played in Bombay (now Mumbai) and the second one in Calcutta (now Kolkata), with the visitors winning the series 2–0.
The India National Cricket Team, however, thrived to consistently improve in the 1930s and ’40s but with no international victory during this period. After the Independence, India played their first international series as a free nation in late 1947 against the dreaded Sir Donald Bradman‘s Invincibles (a name given to the Australia national cricket team of that time).
Also, it was the first Test series India played against a strong opponent other than England. Australia won the five-match series by 4–0, as Bradman rattled the Indian bowling in his final Australian summer. Next year in 1948, India played their first Test series at home against the West Indies who won the 5-Test series 1–0.
After playing their first Test fixture in 1932, it took the Indian cricketers around 20 years to record their first Test victory. In 1952, India played their 24th Test match and registered a marvellous victory against England at Madras. Meanwhile, they won their first Test series held against Pakistan in the same year.
With the consistent improvement in their performance, India went on to defeat New Zealand in 1956 in a Test series. But it did not last long and on 24 August 1959, India lost by an innings in the Test to complete the only 5–0 whitewash ever inflicted by England.
The next decade saw India’s reputation develop as a team with a strong record at home. The India National Cricket Team won their first Test series against England at home in 1961–62 and also won a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. In this same period, India also won its first series outside the subcontinent, against New Zealand in 1967–68.
There was the uproar rising in the bowling squad of the team that became the ultimate weapon for India in the 1970s. The Indian spin quartet – Bishen Bedi, E.A.S. Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar and Srinivas Venkataraghavan were the strongest factor of the India National Cricket Team in that period.
Meanwhile, two of India’s best ever batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath also emerged during that period of the game. From the very beginning of the game, the Indian pitches had supported the spinners a lot and the spin quartet exploited this to plunge the opposing batting line-ups.
These players were responsible for the back-to-back series wins in 1971 in West Indies and in England, led under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar. Gavaskar scored 774 runs in the West Indian series while Dilip Sardesai‘s 112 played a big part in their one Test win.
Introduction of the One-day International and ICC Cricket World Cup success (1970-1985)
In the late 20th century, the first three days of the 3rd Test match between England and Australia were washed off. This sought to the advent of the first, one-off, unofficial limited-overs cricket as the teams played 40 overs with eight balls per over.
Australia won the match by five wickets and thus a new dimension in cricket was created. However, the India National Cricket Team was not considered as a strong team in ODIs at this point. Batsmen such as the captain Gavaskar were known for their defensive approach with the bat which did not work in the limited-overs format.
The India National Cricket Team began as a weak team in ODIs and did not qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the Cricket World Cup held in the late 70s. Gavaskar infamously blocked his way to 36 not out off 174 balls against England in the first World Cup in 1975, India scored just 132 for 3 and lost by 202 runs.
However, India was a strong team in Test matches and stronger at home, where their combination of stylish batsmen and beguiling spinners were at their best. In 1976, India had set a then-Test record in the third Test against the West Indies.
They chased 403 runs target to win the game, with Viswanath adding a swashbuckling 112 runs. This West Indian defeat is considered to be a watershed in the history of their cricket because it led to captain Clive Lloyd dispensing with spin altogether and relying entirely on a four-man pace attack instead.
In November 1976, the India National Cricket Team established another record by scoring 524 for 9 declared against New Zealand at Kanpur. There were six fifties, the highest being 70 by Mohinder Amarnath as the India National Cricket Team managed to post a gigantic target against New Zealand. This inning was only the eighth instance in Test cricket where all eleven batsmen reached double figures.
By the 1980s, the India National Cricket Team had developed a more attacking batsman such as Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and the all-rounders Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri. This helped India claim the Cricket World Cup in 1983, defeating the favourites and the two-time defending champions West Indies in the final at Lords.
On the other hand, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Test matches without a victory. In 1984, the India National Cricket Team won the Asia Cup and winning the World Championship of Cricket in Australia held in 1985.
Apart from this, the India National Cricket Team remained a weak team outside the Indian subcontinent. India’s Test series victory in 1986 against England remained the last Test series win by India outside the subcontinent for the next 19 years.
The 1980s saw Gavaskar and Kapil Dev (India’s best all-rounder to date) at the pinnacle of their careers. Gavaskar made a Test record 34 centuries as he became the first man to reach the 10,000 run mark. Kapil Dev, whereas, became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket with 434 wickets. The period was also marked by an unstable leadership, with Gavaskar and Kapil exchanging the captaincy several times.
Late 20th century (1985-2000): Emergence of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble
During the late 80s, the India National Cricket Team added two outstanding players who later dominated the world records for years – Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble, further improving the team. In 1991, Javagal Srinath, India’s fastest bowler since Amar Singh made his debut. Despite this, during the 1990s, India did not win any of its 33 Tests outside the subcontinent while it won 17 out of its 30 Tests at home.
After being eliminated by neighbours Sri Lanka on home soil at the 1996 Cricket World Cup semifinal, the team underwent a year of change as Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid, made their debut in the same Test at Lord’s. In later 1996, Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain of the team, but after a personal and team form slump, he relinquished the captaincy and Azharuddin was reinstated at the beginning of 1998.
With the captaincy burden removed, Tendulkar was the world’s leading run-scorer in both Tests and ODIs, as India enjoyed a home Test series win over Australia, the best-ranked team in the world. In the 1999 Cricket World Cup, India once again failed to reach the semi-finals and again Tendulkar was named as the captain of the team.
However, India had another poor run and lost by 3–0 on a tour of Australia and then, by 2–0 at home to South Africa. Tendulkar resigned, vowing never to captain the team again. Ganguly was appointed the new captain as the team faced their darkest hour in 2000 for the match-fixing scandal by the former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja who were given life and five years ban respectively.
This period was described by the BBC as “the Indian cricket’s worst hour”. However, the new core – Tendulkar, Dravid, Kumble and Ganguly – lead the India National Cricket Team out of the dark times. And the first three put aside personal ambitions to let Ganguly lead them into a new era.
Till date, Sourav Ganguly is said to be one of the greatest skippers to lead the Indian team from the floor to the 7th sky in the cricketing world.
21st century: Inclusion of the likes of MS Dhoni-Yuvraj Singh
With the doom looming over because of the two cricketers of the team, the India National Cricket Team underwent major improvements under the captaincy of Sourav Ganguly and guidance of John Wright, India’s first-ever foreign coach.
They still maintained their unbeaten home record as India defeated Australia in Test series in 2001. The series was famous for the Kolkata Test match, which witnessed India become only the third team in the Test cricket history to win a Test match after receiving follow-on. The Australian captain Steve Waugh labelled India as the “Final Frontier” for his side’s inability to win a Test series in India.
Victory in 2001 against the Australians marked the beginning of a dream run for India under their captain Ganguly. They went on to win Test matches in Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies and England. The England series is also known for India’s highest ODI run-chase of 325 runs at Lord’s, which came in the Natwest ODI Series final against England.
In the same year, the India National Cricket Team was the joint-winners of the ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka. And then in the 2003 Cricket World Cup held in South Africa, the India National Cricket Team made their way to the final clash of the tournament only to be beaten by Australia. The 2003–04 seasons also saw India play out a Test series in Australia, where they drew 1–1 with the world champions, and then win a Test and ODI series in Pakistan.
Nevertheless, India suffered from lack of form and fitness among the players during the 2004 season. After their defeat in a home Test series against Australia, they also lost an ODI home series against Pakistan that was followed by a Test series levelled 1–1.
Greg Chappell took over from John Wright as the coach of the India National Cricket Team following the series, but his methods proved controversial and led to a falling out with Ganguly, and Rahul Dravid emerged as the captain of the team. It was during this time when India added the likes of the MS Dhoni and Suresh Raina, marking the coming of age of Irfan Pathan and Yuvraj Singh.
With a home series victory over Sri Lanka in 2005 and a drawn series with South Africa, the India National Cricket Team was positioned at second in the ICC ODI rankings. By the following year (in 2006), India had set a world record of 17 successive ODI victories while batting second which was the outcome of the ODI series win in Pakistan, followed by a loss in the Test series.
However, it was a shortlived celebration for the Indian team as they lost a 4–1 ODI series in the West Indies in 2006, while they achieved a 1–0 victory in the Test series that followed, giving them their first Test series victory in the Caribbean since 1971.
India’s ODI form slumped with a disastrous performance in the 2006 Champions Trophy and a drubbing in the ODI series in South Africa. This was followed by a good performance in the Tests, marking India’s first Test match win in South Africa which they went on to lose by 2–1. This Test series was marked by Ganguly‘s comeback to the Indian team.
Meanwhile, the International Cricket Council (ICC) introduced another revolutionary version of twenty overs per side in the cricket world. The India National Cricket Team played and won its first-ever Twenty20 International fixture in December 2006 in South Africa and became the then-most recent Test nation to play Twenty20 cricket.
The beginning of 2007 had seen a revival in the Indian team’s ODI fortunes before the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Series victories against the West Indies and Sri Lanka marked the comeback of Ganguly and a stronger form by Tendulkar.
Meanwhile, the young players like Robin Uthappa persuaded many pundits to tip India as a winning contender of the 2007 Cricket World Cup. However, with the defeats to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, India failed terribly to reach the second round of the World Cup 2007.
India’s Success under the leadership of MS Dhoni
The emergence of MS Dhoni has led the India National Cricket Team to add several prestigious ICC trophies on the shelf of BCCI. Having won the Test series against England in August 2007, Dravid handed over the captaincy reign to Dhoni for the T20I and ODI team.
Following the decision by Dravid, India won their first-ever Twenty20 World Cup, held in South Africa, as they defeated their neighbouring rival Pakistan in the summit clash by 5 runs. However, the celebration was dulled by the highly controversial defeat in the three-match Test series against Australia by 2-1.
But they recovered from the loss and managed to win the CB series, followed by a whitewash series of Australia in the next month. In April 2009, India secured their first Test series win in New Zealand in 41 years. They defeated Sri Lanka by 2–0 in December 2009 and India became the no. 1 ranked Test team in the world.
They retained the ranking by drawing series against South Africa and Sri Lanka. Meanwhile, in October 2010, India whitewashed Australia by 2–0 in the home test series. Later that year, India managed to draw the Test series in South Africa at 1–1.
The following year, on 2nd April 2011, the Mahendra Singh Dhoni-led India National Cricket Team brought back the glorious 2011 Cricket World Cup trophy as they defeated Sri Lanka in the final. Thereafter, India became the only third team after West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup title more than once, and also became the first team to win the World Cup on home soil.
The CWC victory did not last long as India was whitewashed by 4–0 in an away Test series in England in August 2011. As a result, England replaced India as the no. 1 ranked Test team released by ICC. In January 2012, India played another away Test series in Australia and once again faced a 4–0 whitewash.
The disastrous whitewashes saw the retirement of the veteran cricketers – Rahul Dravid and VVS Laxman from the Test cricket in 2012. The batting legend, Sachin Tendulkar retired in November 2013 after playing his 200th Test match.
With the entire veteran players retired, this period signalled the end of the fabled-decade-long middle-order batting squad of the India National Cricket Team. In 2012, the India National Cricket Team continued to face a tough transition period as they were beaten by 2–1 in a home Test series by England.
This was the first time India had been beaten by England at home since 1984–85. It was followed by a 2–1 loss in the ODI series against Pakistan at home. And then, India was knocked out in the second round of the 2012 ICC World Twenty20, the fourth season of the premier T20 cup. They also failed to qualify for the 2012 Asia Cup final, marking a disappointing end to the year for India.
Worldwide limited-overs success
After the disastrous previous year, 2013 marked as the resurgence of the threatening India National Cricket Team. In early 2013, India whitewashed Australia by 4-0 at home in a Test series, returning the favour to their rivals. They went on to beat the Australia team by 3–2 in the seven-match ODI series and won the one-off T20I.
However, their poor performance in the lost overseas series against New Zealand and South Africa had led to heavy criticism by the fans and the other cricketing fraternities. Having already won the inaugural Twenty20 World Cup in 2007 and ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, Dhoni became the first captain in the cricket history to claim three major ICC trophies as the India National Cricket Team finally won the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy by defeating England in the finals.
This was followed by a victory in the West Indies Triangular Series in 2013 consisting of India, West Indies and Sri Lanka. In 2014, India toured Bangladesh and England, beating the former by 2–0 in three ODIs. However, the India National Cricket Team was beaten by 3–1 in five-match Test series against England.
This series included a famous win for the Indian team in the first match of the series at Lord’s. The Test series was followed by a 3–1 win for the India National Cricket Team in a five-match ODI series and a loss in a one-off T20 against England.
Nonetheless, once again, India failed to reach the final of the Asia Cup hosted by Bangladesh in 2014. The following month, Bangladesh hosted the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and once again, the India National Cricket Team, narrowly, missed out on another ICC trophy as they lost to Sri Lanka in the final fixture.
This tournament saw the rise of Virat Kohli as one of the best limited-overs batsmen in the cricketing world. Kohli was adjudged as the Man of the Series for scoring 319 runs with four gritty fifties in six matches. The India National Cricket Team cemented their position at the top of the ODI rankings as they defeated Sri Lanka and West Indies in ODI series.
They toured Australia for a 4-match Test series at the end of 2014, where MS Dhoni declared his sudden retirement from Test cricket after the end of the second Test. Having given his best performance in the international cricket, Virat Kohli was appointed as the captain of the India National Cricket Team in Test matches.
But he was unable to turn the series around and India lost 2–0. Kohli’s first series win as captain came away from home in the three-match Test series versus Sri Lanka, which signalled the beginning of an unbeaten Test series run for the India National Cricket Team.
From there, India began to dominate at home in Test matches under the leadership of Virat Kohli. They comprehensively beat South Africa in 2015, starting the unbeaten streak of 19 Test matches. This series also saw the emergence of Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja as two of the best spinners and all-rounders in the Indian squad.
This was followed by the ODI victories over Australia and Sri Lanka away from home. However, in the 2015 World Cup, the India National Cricket Team was knocked out of the tournament in the semi-final by the eventual winners of the competition – Australia.
The 2016 year started off with the India National Cricket Team by winning the 2016 Asia Cup, where they remained unbeaten throughout the tournament. Being the host and in their best form, India entered the 2016 ICC World Twenty20 as the favourites to win the competition but lost in the semi-final to eventual champions West Indies.
However, 2016 was marked off as “The Grand Home Season” for the India National Cricket Team, including series at home against New Zealand, England, Bangladesh and Australia. India whitewashed New Zealand to regain the number one ranking in Test cricket after almost 10 years.
Before the series against England, MS Dhoni resigned as captain in the limited-overs format. And thereafter, the captaincy of the India National Cricket team fell over Virat Kohli across all the formats. The Men in Blue were in their best spirits as they defeated England across all the three formats, with a notable 4–0 win in the Test series.
This was followed by Test series victories against Bangladesh and Australia and the India National Cricket Team reclaimed the Border-Gavaskar Trophy. Meanwhile, they became the third team (after South Africa and Australia) to have won their most recent Test series against all the other Test-playing nations. The India National Cricket Team holds an unbeaten streak of 8 consecutive Test series wins as of 19 August 2017.
The 2017 ICC Champions Trophy was another unfortunate tournament for the Men in Blue. They opened the competition by defeating Pakistan in their first game but lost to the same opponents in the summit clash of the tournament. This had set the record as for the first time Pakistan was able to defeat India in an ICC championship while winning the title in the process.
Nevertheless, the India National Cricket Team went on to beat West Indies by 3–1 in a five-match ODI series in July 2017. But they lost to the same opposition in a one-off T20I fixture. After this, India toured Sri Lanka and won a three-match Test series 3–0. It was the first time when the India National Cricket Team whitewashed a team away from home in a Test series with three games or more.
The next year saw mixed results in Tests for India as they lost away series in both South Africa and England but for the first time – they won their away series against Australia. Meanwhile, the India National Cricket Team defeated West Indies in the home Tests.
They won the ODI series of the South African tour, followed by the tri-series with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. They lost 2–1 in the ODI series in England, followed by a win at home to West Indies and away to both Australia and New Zealand. At the start of 2019, Australia won a T20I series 2–0, marking Virat Kohli‘s first home defeat in a T20I series.
The India National Cricket Team won its first T20 series of the year 2-0 against Sri Lanka and then won a three-match ODI series against Australia 2-1. India reached the semi-final of the 2019 ICC Cricket World Cup, where they lost to New Zealand in an epic clash.
After India’s ouster from the CWC in July, the Men in Blue visited West Indies for a three-match T20 series and as many ODI fixtures. The India National Cricket Team whitewashed West Indies in the former series while the first ODI fixture was abandoned as they defeated the Caribbean by 2-0.
They also whitewashed the Caribbean team by 2-0 in the home Test series, followed by a T20I series draw 1-1 versus South Africa in September. Ever since losing the CWC last year, the India National Cricket Team remained untouchable in the series they played throughout 2019.
They whitewashed South Africa in home Test series by 3-0 followed by a glorious victory against Bangladesh by 2-1 in T20I series and 2-0 in-home Test series. By the end of 2019, India had defeated West Indies, Sri Lanka and Australia in the limited-overs and Test series hosted at the home soil.
In Feb 2020, the India National Cricket Team toured New Zealand for an entire cricket schedule with – five-match T20 series, three-match ODI series and a two-match Test series. They brilliantly whitewashed the Black Caps in the Twenty20 International series but were left rendered in the ODI and Test series as the hosts whitewashed them.
Post the New Zealand series, the pandemic COVID-19 virus took over the entire globe and like the other sports events, every cricket series were postponed to be held later, the dates unspecified.
Board of Control for Cricket in India – The Governing Body of Team India
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body for the India National Cricket Team and first-class cricket in India. The Board has been operating since 1929 and represents India at the International Cricket Council.
It is amongst the richest sporting organisations in the world. It sold media rights for India’s matches from 2006–2010 for US$612,000,000. It manages the Indian team’s sponsorships, its future tours and team selection.
The International Cricket Council determines India’s upcoming matches through its future tours program. However, with its influential financial position in the cricketing world, the BCCI has often challenged the ICC’s program and called for more series between India, Australia and England which are more likely to earn more revenue as opposed to tours with Bangladesh or Zimbabwe.
In the past, the BCCI has also come into conflict with the ICC regarding sponsorships and the legitimacy of the ICC Champions Trophy.
Selection for the India National Cricket Team occurs through the BCCI’s zonal selection policy, where each of the five zones is represented with one selector and one of the members nominated by BCCI as the Chairman of the selection committee. The current chairman of the selection committee is Sunil Joshi. Devang Gandhi, Sarandeep Singh, Jatin Paranjpe, and Harvinder Singh are the other members of the selection committee from 4 March 2020.
Cricket whites have been traditionally used by the team when playing first-class cricket. In addition to their whites, Indian fielders wear a dark blue cap or a white wide-brimmed sun hat, with the BCCI logo in the centre. Helmets are also dark blue with the BCCI logo and the Indian flag fashioned by most of the players.
The first-class is the domestic cricket where the branding is minimal for whites. The BCCI logo is present on the left chest of the player while the team sponsor’s (currently BYJU’s) logo is placed on the right chest. The kit manufacturer’s (Nike) logo would be printed on the sleeve of the players’ leading arms.
Since colours have made their way into international cricket, the Indian cricket team has chosen blue as their primary colour – earning the nickname of ‘Men in Blue’ for the India National Cricket Team. The secondary colour has, however, changed over the years – with yellow and orange being dominant.
With the inception of the World Series Cup in 1979, each team had to don a primary and secondary colour on their uniforms and the Indian team elected to wear light blue as their primary colour and yellow as their secondary colour. The India National Cricket Team has worn different shades of blue since then.
For the 1992 World Cup (Benson & Hedges World Cup), the team’s colours were changed to navy-blue by ISC, the common kit manufacturer for the tournament. A light shade of blue with yellow as a secondary colour and a strip with 10 different colours (representing different nations) was adopted on the uniform for the 1996 World Cup (Wills World Cup) while an even lighter shade of blue and a dominant yellow was used by ASICS, the common kit manufacturer of the India National Cricket Team for the 1999 World Cup.
However, the ICC no longer appoints a common kit manufacturer for its tournaments. Over the years, different designs were adopted on the playing jerseys. The most predominant design till now has been ‘India’ text written in yellow over a diagonal splash of the tricolour.
Nike acquired the kit manufacturing rights for the team in 2005 and designed the new jerseys for the 2007 World Cup with the lightest shade of blue used by the team till date and golden yellow as the secondary colour. A new tricolour accent was implemented on the right side of the jersey.
The colour was changed to a darker feroza blue in 2009 with orange replacing yellow as the secondary colour. A New Jersey was unveiled by Nike with a bolder ultramarine blue shade and a new tricolour accent placed on both sides of the jersey in 2010, with a reddish-orange shade used as the secondary colour.
In 2014, new kits were released with a slightly darker shade of blue and a minimal accent design over the shoulders. Nike released new kits once again in 2015 with a similar shade of blue and no accents. In March 2019 before the World Cup, a new design was unveiled by Nike with a prominent two-tone blue colour.
The front of the jersey sported a similar shade of blue as with the previous versions while the sides, arms and back were given a lighter shade of blue, with a minimal orange accent incorporated on the sides. During the ICC World Cup 2019, for a match against England, as mandated by the ICC, an alternate jersey with orange acquiring the back and shoulders and navy blue at the front was introduced.
This was the first time a different colour and not blue had become a dominant colour on the India jersey. The match against England was also a special match, called #OneDay4Children, organised by the ICC between the top 2 ranked ODI teams in 2019. This recorded as the only occasion when the alternate jersey was used by the India National Cricket Team till date.
In addition to the blue uniforms, the caps worn by the players are similar to the design of uniforms. The wide-brimmed sun hats are mostly white, whereas the helmets used by the players are of darker blue. Similar to the first-class kits, the BCCI logo is placed on the left chest while the logo of the kit manufacturer (Nike) sits on the right chest.
The official team sponsor’s logo (currently BYJU’S) is present on the central part of the jersey usually above ‘INDIA’ text as well as the sleeve of the players’ leading arms. For T20 kits, in addition to these, the sponsor’s logo is also present on the back, below the players’ numbers.
However, for ICC tournaments, the tournament logo is placed on the right chest and the sponsor’s logo is allowed only on the sleeve of the players’ leading arms. The kit manufacturer’s logo in such cases will be printed on the sleeve of the players’ non-leading arms. The name and jersey number of the players are printed on the back.
OPPO’s sponsorship was to run from 2017 until 2022 but was handed over to BYJU’s on 5 September 2019, who is the current sponsors of the India National Cricket Team. Previously, the Indian team was sponsored by Star India from 2014 to 2017, Sahara India Pariwar from 2002 to 2013 and ITC Limited (with Wills and ITC Hotels brands) from 1993 to 2002.
The current kit sponsor for the Indian team until September 2020 is Nike, which in 2005 acquired the rights from BCCI. The deal with Nike has been extended twice for a period of five years each time – in 2011 and 2016 respectively. Paytm acquired the title sponsorship for all matches played by the team within India in 2015 and extended the same in 2019 until 2023.
Star Sports Network is the official broadcaster until 2023 for all matches the team plays in India. Here is the list of all the current sponsors and partners for the team India.
|Current Sponsors & Partners|
|Official Partners||Dream11, LafargeHolcim, Pepsi|
|Official Broadcaster||Star Sports|
List of all the international cricket grounds in India
India has 52 international cricket venues which are by far the most in any country – 29 more than England with 23 (the next most number of grounds). International cricket was held in India for the first time in December 1933 when the Gymkhana Ground in Bombay played host to the India-England Test match.
The first ODI match in India was held at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad in 1981. The first T20I match in India was held at the Brabourne Stadium in Mumbai in 2007. Here is a list of international cricket grounds in India that have hosted at least one international cricket match (Test, ODI or T20I). This list is divided into two categories – Active stadiums and the former stadiums.
|Arun Jaitley Stadium||Delhi||48,000||1948||34||24||5|
|M. A. Chidambaram Stadium||Chepauk, Chennai||33,000||1934||32||21||1|
|M. Chinnaswamy Stadium||Bangalore||40,000||1974||23||25||5|
|Punjab Cricket Association IS Bindra Stadium||Mohali||28,000||1994||13||24||4|
|Sardar Patel Stadium||Motera, Ahmedabad||110,000||1983||12||23||1|
|Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium||Nagpur||40,000||2008||6||8||11|
|Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium||Hyderabad||55,000||2010||5||6||3|
|Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium||Rajkot||28,000||2016||2||2||2|
|Dr. Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy ACA-VDCA Cricket Stadium||Visakhapatnam||36,000||2016||1||7||1|
|Maharashtra Cricket Association Stadium||Pune||33,000||2017||1||3||2|
|JSCA International Stadium||Ranchi||39,133||2017||1||4||2|
|Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association Stadium||Dharamshala||28,000||2017||1||4||8|
|Sawai Mansingh Stadium||Jaipur||23,185||1987||1||19||—|
|Greater Noida Sports Complex Ground||Greater Noida||8,000||2017||0||5||3|
|Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Cricket Stadium||Guwahati||40,000||2017||0||1||1|
|Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium||Dehradun||25,000||2018||0||0||3|
|Greenfield International Stadium||Thiruvananthapuram||55,000||2017||0||1||1|
|Bharat Ratna Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ekana Cricket Stadium||Lucknow||50,000||2018||0||0||1|
|Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground||Nagpur||35,000||1969||9||14||—|
|Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium||Hyderabad||30,000||1955||3||14||—|
|K. D. Singh Babu Stadium||Lucknow||22,000||1994||1||1||—|
|Sector 16 Stadium||Chandigarh||16,000||1990||1||5||—|
|Barkatullah Khan Stadium||Jodhpur||40,000||2000||0||2||—|
|Captain Roop Singh Stadium||Gwalior||45,000||1988||0||12||—|
|Gandhi Sports Complex Ground||Amritsar||16,000||1982||0||2||—|
|Indira Gandhi Stadium||Vijayawada||25,000||2002||0||1||—|
|Indira Priyadarshini Stadium||Visakhapatnam||25,000||1988||0||5||—|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium||New Delhi||60,000||1984||0||2||—|
|Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground||Rajkot||15,000||1989||0||12||—|
|Moti Bagh Stadium||Vadodara||18,000||1983||0||3||—|
|Nahar Singh Stadium||Faridabad||25,000||1988||0||8||—|
|IPCL Sports Complex Ground||Vadodara||20,000||1994||0||10||—|
|Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad||Ahmedabad||50,000||1981||0||1||—|
Captains Of The India National Cricket Team
Ever since the beginning of the sports in India, thirty-three men have captained the India National Cricket Team in at least one Test match. Only six of these 33 men have led the team in more than 25 matches, while six have captained the India National Cricket Team in ODIs but not in Test fixtures.
- CK Nayudu was India’s first captain who led the team in four matches against England with one being played in England in 1932 and a three-match Test series at home in 1933–34.
- Lala Amarnath, India’s fourth captain led the India National Cricket Team in its first Test match after Indian independence. Under his captaincy, Amarnath led the side to its first Test victory and first series win, both in a three-match series at home against Pakistan in 1952–53.
- From 1952 until 1961–62, the India National Cricket Team had a number of captains such as Vijay Hazare, Polly Umrigar and Nari Contractor.
- The Nawab of Pataudi(or Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi) was the team’s captain for 36 Test matches from 1961–62 to 1969–70, returning for another four matches against West Indies in 1974–75. In the early years of his captaincy tenure, the India National Cricket Team was whitewashed in the West Indies, England and Australia. However, in 1967–68, Pataudi led the India National Cricket Team on its maiden New Zealand tour, winning the Test series by 3–1.
- In 1970–71, Ajit Wadekar took over the captaincy from Nawab of Pataudi. Under Wadekar’s captaincy, the India National Cricket Team registered its first Test series win in the West Indies and England. Meanwhile, he also led the India National Cricket Team in the first ODI fixture in 1974.
- The India National Cricket Team won its first ODI under the captaincy of Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan in the 1975 Cricket World Cup, against East Africa.
- Between 1975–76 and 1978–79, Bishen Singh Bedi captained the India National Cricket Team in 22 Tests and 4 ODIs, winning 6 Tests and one ODI.
- Sunil Gavaskar took over as Test and ODI captain in 1978–79, leading the India National Cricket Team in 47 Test matches and 37 ODIs, winning 9 Tests and 14 ODIs.
- Gavaskar was succeeded by Kapil Dev in the 1980s, who captained for 34 Test matches, including 4 victories. Kapil Dev led the India National Cricket Team to victory in 39 of his 74 ODIs in charge, including the 1983 Cricket World Cup. Kapil Dev also captained India’s 2–0 Test series victory in England in 1986.
- Between 1987–88 and 1989–90, the India National Cricket Team had three captains in Dilip Vengsarkar, Ravi Shastri and Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Vengsarkar took over the captaincy from Kapil Dev after the 1987 Cricket World Cup. He started with two centuries in his first series as captain but eventually lost the role following a disastrous tour of the West Indies in early-1989 and a stand-off with the Indian cricket board (BCCI).
- The India National Cricket Team has had six regular Test captains since Mohammad Azharuddin took charge in 1989. Azharuddin led the India National Cricket Team in 47 Test matches from 1989–90 to 1998–99, winning 14, and in 174 ODIs, winning 90.
- Azharuddin was followed by Sachin Tendulkar, who captained the India National Cricket Team in 25 Test matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s. However, Tendulkar was relatively unsuccessful as a captain, winning only 4 Test matches and 23 ODIs. He was replaced as ODI captain by Ajay Jadeja and then by Sourav Ganguly.
- Ganguly became the regular captain of the India National Cricket Team in both Tests and ODIs in 2000. He remained captain until 2005–06 and became the then most successful Indian captain, winning 21 of his 49 Test matches in charge and 76 of his 146 ODIs. Under his captaincy, India became the joint-winners of the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka, and the runners-up of the 2003 Cricket World Cup. India lost only three Tests at home under Ganguly and managed to draw Test series in England and Australia.
- Rahul Dravid took over as Test captain in 2005. In 2006, he led the India National Cricket Team to its first Test series victory in the West Indies in more than 30 years.
- In September 2007, Dravid stepped down from the post and Mahendra Singh Dhoni was named as the new captain of the ODI and T20I teams. Soon after taking up the captaincy, Dhoni led the India National Cricket Team to the inaugural World Twenty20 title. Meanwhile, Anil Kumble was appointed Test captain in November 2007 but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after captaining in 14 Tests. Dhoni succeeded him as the Test captain, making him the captain in all formats. Under the captaincy of Dhoni, the India national cricket team held the number one position in the Test rankings for 21 months (from November 2009 to August 2011) and set a national record for most back-to-back ODI wins (nine straight wins). Dhoni also led the India National Cricket Team to victory in 2011 Cricket World Cup and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy. Thereafter, becoming the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies- ICC Cricket World Cup in 2011, ICC World Twenty20 in 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy in 2013.
- Following the poor performance in the away Tests from 2011 to 2014, Dhoni retired from Test cricket in December 2014. And then, Virat Kohli was named as the new Test captain. Dhoni resigned as captain of the ODI and T20 teams in January 2017 and Kohli succeeded him at the position. Under Kohli’s captaincy, India was unbeaten in 19 Test matches, starting from a 3–0 series win over New Zealand and ending with a 2–1 series win over Australia. India has an unbeaten streak of winning 9 consecutive Test series as of Dec 2017, starting with a 2–1 series win over Sri Lanka. The India National Cricket Team also became only the third team after Australia and South Africa to have won their most recent Test series simultaneously against all the other Test-playing nations. As per winning percentage in Test matches, Kohli is India’s most successful test captain, having won more than 61% of Test matches (at least 2 games).
India National Cricket Team Squad
This lists all the players who have played for India in the past 12 months and the formats in which they have played. Correct as of 24 March 2020. In January 2020, BCCI published a new contract list which will be valid from October 2019 to September 2020. Below is the list of all the players as per their roles to feature for the team India in the last one year.
|Indian Players (Playing for the last 12 months)|
|Name||Age||Batting style||Bowling style||Domestic team||Zone||C/G||Format||S/N|
|Captain and middle-order batsman|
|Virat Kohli||31||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Delhi||North||A+||Test, ODI, T20I||18|
|Test vice-captain and middle-order batsman|
|Ajinkya Rahane||32||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Mumbai||West||A||Test||3|
|ODI, T20I vice-captain and opening batsman|
|Rohit Sharma||33||Right-handed||Right-arm off break||Mumbai||West||A+||Test, ODI, T20I||45|
|Mayank Agarwal||29||Right-handed||Right-arm off break||Karnataka||South||B||Test, ODI||16|
|Prithvi Shaw||20||Right-handed||Right-arm off break||Mumbai||West||N/A||Test, ODI||100|
|Shikhar Dhawan||34||Left-handed||Right-arm off break||Delhi||North||A||ODI, T20I||42|
|K. L. Rahul||28||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Karnataka||South||A||Test, ODI, T20I||1|
|Shreyas Iyer||25||Right-handed||Right-arm leg break||Mumbai||West||C||ODI, T20I||41|
|Manish Pandey||30||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Karnataka||South||C||ODI, T20I||21|
|Cheteshwar Pujara||32||Right-handed||Right-arm leg break||Saurashtra||West||A||Test||25|
|Hanuma Vihari||26||Right-handed||Right-arm off break||Andhra||South||C||Test||44|
|Ravichandran Ashwin||33||Right-handed||Right-arm off break||Tamil Nadu||South||A||Test||99|
|Ravindra Jadeja||31||Left-handed||Slow left-arm orthodox||Saurashtra||West||A||Test, ODI, T20I||8|
|Kedar Jadhav||35||Right-handed||Right-arm off break||Maharashtra||West||C||ODI||79|
|Hardik Pandya||26||Right-handed||Right-arm medium-fast||Baroda||West||B||ODI, T20I||33|
|Krunal Pandya||29||Left-handed||Slow left-arm orthodox||Baroda||West||N/A||T20I||24|
|Vijay Shankar||29||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Tamil Nadu||South||N/A||ODI, T20I||59|
|Shivam Dube||27||Left-handed||Right-arm medium||Mumbai||West||N/A||ODI, T20I||70|
|Washington Sundar||20||Left-handed||Right-arm off break||Tamil Nadu||South||C||T20I||55|
|Mahendra Singh Dhoni||39||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Jharkhand||East||N/A||ODI||7|
|Dinesh Karthik||35||Right-handed||N/A||Tamil Nadu||South||N/A||T20I||21|
|Rishabh Pant||22||Left-handed||N/A||Delhi||North||A||Test, ODI, T20I||17|
|Sanju Samson||25||Right-handed||Right-arm medium||Kerala||South||N/A||T20I||14|
|Khaleel Ahmed||22||Right-handed||Left-arm medium-fast||Rajasthan||Central||N/A||ODI, T20I||27|
|Jasprit Bumrah||26||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Gujarat||West||A+||Test, ODI, T20I||93|
|Deepak Chahar||27||Right-handed||Right-arm medium-fast||Rajasthan||Central||C||ODI, T20I||90|
|Bhuvneshwar Kumar||30||Right-handed||Right-arm medium-fast||Uttar Pradesh||Central||A||ODI, T20I||15|
|Shardul Thakur||28||Right-handed||Right-arm medium-fast||Mumbai||West||C||ODI||54|
|Navdeep Saini||27||Right-handed||Right-arm fast||Delhi||North||C||ODI||96|
|Mohammed Shami||29||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Bengal||East||A||Test, ODI, T20I||11|
|Ishant Sharma||31||Right-handed||Right-arm fast-medium||Delhi||North||A||Test||97|
|Umesh Yadav||32||Right-handed||Right-arm fast||Vidarbha||Central||C||Test, T20I||19|
|Yuzvendra Chahal||29||Right-handed||Right-arm leg break||Haryana||North||B||ODI, T20I||3|
|Rahul Chahar||20||Right-handed||Right-arm leg break||Rajasthan||Central||N/A||T20I||28|
|Kuldeep Yadav||25||Left-handed||Left-arm unorthodox spin||Uttar Pradesh||Central||A||Test, ODI, T20I||23|
|Shahbaz Nadeem||30||Right-handed||Slow left-arm orthodox||Jharkhand||East||N/A||Test||88|
Coaching staff of the India National Cricket Team
- Head coach: Ravi Shastri
- Batting coach: Vikram Rathour
- Bowling coach: Bharat Arun
- Fielding coach: Ramakrishnan Sridhar
- Right arm throwdown specialist: D Raghavendra
- Left-arm throwdown specialist: Nuwan Seneviratne
- Manager: Girish Dongre
- Strength & Conditioning Coach: Nick Webb
- Physiotherapist: Nitin Patel
- Team doctor
- Team Psychologist
- Massage therapist
Tournament History of the India National Cricket Team
ICC Cricket World Cup
|ICC Cricket World Cup Records|
|England 1975||Round 1||06-Aug||3||1||2||0||0|
|England 1979||Round 1||07-Aug||3||0||3||0||0|
|Australia New Zealand 1992||Round 1||07-Sep||8||2||5||0||1|
|India Pakistan Sri Lanka 1996||Semi-finals||03-Dec||7||4||3||0||0|
|England Republic of Ireland Netherlands Scotland Wales1999||R2 (Super 6s)||06-Dec||8||4||4||0||0|
|South Africa Zimbabwe Kenya 2003||Runners-up||Feb-14||11||9||2||0||0|
|West Indies Cricket Board 2007||Round 1||Sep-16||3||1||2||0||0|
|India-Sri LankaBangladesh 2011||Champions||Jan-14||9||7||1||1||0|
|Australia New Zealand 2015||Semi-finals||Mar-14||8||7||1||0||0|
|England Wales 2019||Semi-finals||03-Oct||10||7||2||0||1|
ICC T20 World Cup
|ICC T20 World Cup Records|
|South Africa 2007||Champions||01-Dec||7||4||1||1||1|
|England 2009||Super 8s||07-Dec||5||2||3||0||0|
|West Indies Cricket Board 2010||08-Dec||5||2||3||0||0|
|Sri Lanka 2012||05-Dec||5||4||1||0||0|
ICC Champions Trophy
|ICC Champions Trophy Records|
|Sri Lanka 2002||Joint Champions||01-Dec||3||2||0||0||1|
|England 2004||Group stage||07-Dec||2||1||1||0||0|
|South Africa 2009||05-Aug||3||1||1||0||1|
|Asia Cup Record|
|United Arab Emirates 1984||Champion||01-Mar||2||2||0||0||0|
|Sri Lanka 1986||Boycotted the tournament|
|United Arab Emirates 1995||01-Apr||4||3||1||0||0|
|Sri Lanka 1997||Runners-up||02-Apr||3||1||1||0||1|
|Sri Lanka 2004||Runners-up||02-Jun||6||3||3||0||0|
|Sri Lanka 2010||Champion||01-Apr||4||3||1||0||0|
|United Arab Emirates 2018||01-Jun||5||4||0||1||–|
Other (defunct) tournaments
|Commonwealth Games||Hero Cup||Asian test Championship||Austral-Asia Cup||World Championship of Cricket|
|1998: Round1||1993: Champions||1999: Third place||1986: Runners-Up||1985: Champions|
|2001: Boycott||1991: Round1|
|Test record versus other nations|
|Opponent||Matches||Won||Lost||Tied||Draw||% Won||% Lost||% Drew||First||Last|
|Most Test runs for India|
|Most Test wickets for India|
|Bishan Singh Bedi||266||28.71|
|ODI record versus other nations|
|Opponent||Matches||Won||Lost||Tied||No Result||% Won||First||Last|
|United Arab Emirates||3||3||0||0||0||100||1994||2015|
|Most ODI runs for India|
|Most ODI wickets for India|
|T20I record versus other nations|
|Opponent||Matches||Won||Lost||Tie+Win||Tie+Loss||No Result||% Won||First||Last|
|ICC Full Members|
|ICC Associate members|
|United Arab Emirates||1||1||0||0||0||0||100||2016||2016|
|Most T20I runs for India|
|Most T20I wickets for India|